Vice Dean, Soran University, Iraq
Ibtisam Kamal is professor of process engineering, and vice dean for scientific affairs at Soran University, Kurdistan Region- Iraq. She received her BSc in 1975, MSc in 1982 from Basrah University-Iraq. In 1983 she got a position of assistant lecturer in chemical engineering department, faculty of engineering, Basrah University. She received her PhD degree in Polymer Technology from Basrah University in 1991. She got her full professor degree in 2001, and held the position of head of chemical engineering department for seven academic years (1997-2003), she established for the first time the post-graduate studies in chemical engineering department and supervised 15 PhD and MSc thesis in chemical and civil engineering, she worked also as consultant and member of administrative board in industrial sectors including the Iraqi state company of petrochemical industries. She has been awarded the annual Iraqi national award for Iraqi experts and scientists for three academic years. After 20 years academic work in Basrah University, she transferred her services to Baghdad University and worked in Alkwarizmi engineering faculty as professor in biochemical engineering department. She got a sabbatical leave to University of La Rochelle, France (Laboratory of Engineering Science for Environment LaSIE FRE-CNRS 3474), she conducted her postdoctoral studies, then received her HDR degree in Process Engineering from La Rochelle University- France. She worked at La Rochelle University, contributed in teaching and supervision of post graduate studies as well as in planning and preparing European projects. In 2012 she returned back to Iraq and worked as professor in Soran University-Kurdistan region, she held the positions of head of school of engineering, head of chemical engineering department and vice dean for scientific affairs of faculty of engineering. Prof. Ibtisam Kamal research activity is documented by more than 130 scientific peer-reviewed papers, and 2 patents, she has participated as keynote speaker and delegate in dozens of national and international conferences, she has been also serving as member of editorial board of some international journals. Her main research interest has focused on simulation of the production processes of petroleum and petrochemical products, and modeling and optimization of treatment, extraction and transformation of renewable resources to biofuels.
Fossil fuels are still being formed by underground heat and pressure; however, they are being consumed more rapidly than they are being created. For that reason, fossil fuels are considered non-renewable. The large fall in price of fossil fuels, its inevitable depletion properties, and increasing the world environmental pollution resulted from the large usage of low grade of crude oils, all are behind the believe that biofuels are the alternatives and promising sources of energy for future, owing to their renewability and less pollution impact. The current work deals with highlighting an innovative route for intensifying the biofuel manufacturing processes, it is the coupling of texturing the raw natural material by an innovative technology; the Instant Controlled Pressure Drop (DIC) which is a thermo-mechanical high temperature short time treatment process with the conventional transformation processes of the raw materials to biofuels. To decrease the number of experiment, chemicals and efforts in biofuel production processes, Response Surface Methodology as effective tool for optimization and modeling the effects of the operating parameters relevant to the biofuel manufacturing process and those related to the DIC process (temperature, pressure and heating time), on yield and characteristics of the biofuels is recommended and will be demonstrated. The new production approach may highly contribute to increase the broadening worldwide replacement of the petroleum derived transportation fuels with biofuels to support the energy supply and minimize at the same time the global warming.